Building up a theoretical foundation is a critical part before starting off with a research based dissertation work, and in order to carry that out, it is required to go through the existing body of literature and find out relevant articles, which have been written based on the periphery of the idea, so that the intended research work can find its place among the existing body of knowledge. In order to substantiate the research questions to be answered by means of the research based study, the foremost requirement is to find out a proper research gap, which can be found out based on the extensive review of relevant literature. One of the best ways to carry this out is to conduct a Meta analysis.
However, it is not an easy task to carry out Meta analysis, as this process involves a great amount of toil and patience. There are several steps to be covered, accomplishment of which can lead towards successful completion of a Meta analysis. First, the context and objective of the study has to be very clear. Based on these two aspects, relevant articles have to be found out. Second, once the articles based on these two aspects are found out, it is required to find out the articles, which are written on the peripheral areas. Third, after finding out all of those articles, it is required to go through all of them one by one, and record their research questions, period of study, dataset and context, and the findings in a systematic manner. This record is the summary of the conducted Meta analysis. Now, based on that summary, one can see through the existing body of knowledge in a crystal clear manner, and it becomes easier to find out the research gap and substantiate the research question(s).
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