The abstract of your dissertation is the first impression that you would be forming on the readers of your dissertation. The abstract is a summarization of your entire work and it can be used to help others to decide whether it would be worthwhile to read your work. An abstract that has been composed well can make more people want to read your work.
Generally, the abstract is placed after the front page or the title page of your dissertation. The placement can, however, vary based on the institution you are studying in. The abstract includes the purpose of your research, the problem under investigation, the research methodology, the research questions, your recommendations, and the like. The trick is to include all the possible information in a limited space. Your dissertation committee can, however, give you a specific word count that needs to be followed for your abstract.
The problem and the purpose
The purpose and problem statements in the abstract of the dissertation explain the reason behind why the research is being carried out. While the readers of your abstract are considering whether or not to read your work fully, they might want to know the specific question that your dissertation answers or the specific need of people that your research addresses. People might also want to know the solutions you are offering them through your dissertation. These solutions can be included as recommendations and findings.
Findings and recommendations
The recommendations as well as the findings of your research studies are some of the most important elements of your dissertation that help attract an entire audience. These are the contributions that you have made to the field. If you have more than one recommendation, then you should consider summarizing them and putting them in the abstract.